In Kentucky, public education evolved in response to the Industrial Revolution. Its prime directive was to prepare people to work in factories, farms, and mines. The times have changed. But public education in Kentucky has not kept up. It has become a huge, self-insulated bureaucracy. What it needs is new and innovative ideas; the kind of ideas that come from free-market enterprise driven by competition. We need more competition in education to test and experiment with better ways to educate our young people. We need more charter schools, vouchers, and less bureaucracy.